'Like we larnt from that Buke of Lukan in Dublin’s capital, Kongdam Coombe.' 255.The name Lucan is either from the 'Leamhcán' (place of elms) or 'Leamhachán' (place of marsh-mallow plants). The marsh plants seem more likely, according to the Lucan Newsletter. Wouldn't elms have been a common sight all along the Liffey?
Lucan is famous for an earl, a Palladian mansion, a spa hotel, and a steam tram - all of them appearing in Finnegans Wake. More importantly, Lucan is mixed up with Chapelizod, creating a dream location which Joyce calls 'Lucalizod'.
In her Third Census, Adaline Glasheen suggested that the name 'links Issy and the two Isoldes to Lucia Joyce and Alice'. Perhaps Joyce chose it because it resembles 'localised'.
'Gush Mac Gale and Roaring O’Crian, Jr., both changelings, unlucalised, of no address' 87.18
'When you’re coaching through Lucalised, on the sulphur spa to visit, it’s safer to hit than miss it, stop at his inn!' 565.33
Localised Lucalizod is the 'particular universal' (260.r3).
'THE LOCALISATION OF LEGEND' 263.r2
Joyce came up with 'Lucalizod' even before he had started writing his earliest sketches, for it appears in his 1922-3 Nice notebook (V1.B.10.33).
He first used the word in his second Wake sketch, on the big love scene between Tristan and Isolde. In the earliest fair copy, Isolde is 'the belle of Chapelizod'.
'Who, but who (for second time of asking) was then the scourge of the parts about folkrich Lucalizod it was wont to be asked, as, in ages behind of the Homo Capite Erectus...' 101.10-13
'That stern chuckler Mayhappy Mayhapnot, once said to repeation in that lutran conservatory way of his that Isitachapel-Asitalukin was the one place, ult aut nult, in this madh vaal of tares (whose verdhure’s yellowed therever Phaiton parks his car while its tamelised tay is the drame of Drainophilias) where the possible was the improbable and the improbable the inevitable.' 110.06-12
After the thorough fright he got that bloody, Swithun’s day, though every doorpost in muchtried Lucalizod was smeared with generous erstborn gore and every free for all cobbleway slippery with the bloods of heroes.... 178.08
The first draft has 'Bloody Sunday'. Listen to Lorcan Collins' revolutionary Ireland podcast to hear the full story.
'THE SULPHUR SPA TO VISIT'
'Hydropathy' is what we now call 'Hydrotherapy'.
THE LUCAN STEAM TRAM
|From the collection of Joe Williams|
'Visitors who are staying in Dublin for a few days are strongly recommended before leaving to pay a visit to the little village of Lucan. The steam tram is an excellent mode of conveyance, and accomplishes the journey in about three quarters of an hour.'
F.W.Crossley, Visit Dublin, Irish Tourism Development, 1892, p.15
The South Dublin Libraries Local Studies Blog has a fascinating piece on the Lucan steam tram, which you can read here. It started running on 20 February 1883, and was the only service to operate during the Easter Rising.
'The village and the Spa Hotel were crowded with visitors from all parts of Ireland ....‘peace and plenty’ reigned in Lucan, disturbed only by the boom of the distant guns in the city and the glare at night of the conflagrations.'
Freeman’s Journal 9th May 1916.
In Finnegans Wake, we can hear the cry of the tram conductor, as the west-bound tram stops at Chapelizod
'Issy-la-Chapelle! Any lucans, please?' 80.36
A LORD AT LUCAN
As a Jacobite title, this earldom was never recognised in the United Kingdom. Like Joyce, Sarsfield went on a 'wildgoup's chase across the kathartic ocean' (185.06) and spent his last years as an exile in France. There is now a campaign by the Wild Geese Festival to repatriate his remains, but to Limerick rather than Lucan.
|Crimean War veterans in bearskins|